With the increase in the number of cybercrimes around the globe, the number of cyber-security jobs is also growing, and the position of an ethical hacker is top of the list.

Did you know?

* 2021, there will be 3.5 million job openings in cyber security.
*According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, the number of jobs for information security analysts including ethical hackers, will rise by 28% between 2016 and 2026.
*The number of cybercrimes worldwide will rise as the digital era continues to grow.
*Organizations will look to hire professionals who can fight these cybercrimes and protect the data of the company.
*And they’ll need individuals who can think like a hacker to combat these cybercrimes – ethical hackers.
*Often known as a white hat hacker, an ethical hacker is a skilled person who discovers system vulnerabilities to ensure system security. He / she is authorized by the company to carry out security assessments and would have to report the findings back to the company at the end. So you can patch the bugs. Using hacking techniques and tools, this is accomplished.

Steps to become an Ethical Hacker

*Candidates must have a bachelor’s degree in computer science or information technology. It is also possible without these degrees to become an ethical hacker, but as long as you have the necessary skills and experience.

The next requirement is that the candidate must have at least 2 years of experience in the field of information security. With a software or networking job, you have to start your career and only then you can move on to the field of ethical hacking.
Coming to the certifications, specific cybersecurity certifications need to be obtained by the applicant. Certifications play an important role in cybersecurity. Such certifications can only depend on your job opportunities. You may start with the certifications at the basic level such as CCNA and CompTIA Security+.
Ultimately, the final step in becoming an ethical hacker is clearing the Certified Ethical Hacker exam. The EC Council shall have CEH approval. It teaches the candidate by using the same tools and methods that a hacker would use to secure the network of a business.

Ethical Hacker Skills

* Knowledge of various operating systems like Linux, Windows and Macintosh.
* For penetration testing, creating exploits and bug hunting – knowledge of programming languages such as C, C++, HTML, PHP, Python will be helpful.
Knowledge of networking, TCP/ IP protocols and routing protocols.
Knowledge of SQL and DBMS as an Ethical Hacker needs to know to secure a database.
* Cryptography and crypt analysis.
* Knowledge of various security measures such as IDS, IPS, Firewalls.
Ethical Hacker Responsibilities

* Scans the systems for vulnerabilities and ports that can be attacked. They then take measures to prevent these attacks.
* Search the deep corners of the network to find critical information such as passwords, which can make the organization open to an attack.
* Thinks like a hacker, they try to evade IDS, IPS, Firewall to gauge the performance of these systems.
* Handling online employee fraud issues and theft of computer systems.
* Check for sniffing networks, hijacked web servers and applications. And fix these issues as well.
* Different job roles of an ethical hacker and their average salaries per year (according to payscale.com)

Security Analyst – $74,000
Information Security Analyst – $79,000
Cyber Security Analyst – $85,000
Penetration Tester – $89,000
Security Engineer – $93,000
Cyber Security Engineer – $102,000
Information Security Manager – $116,000
For further details about salaries, you can visit payscale.com

Source : payscale

By Hansika Ekanayake