Productivity describes various measures of the efficiency of production. Often, a productivity measure is expressed as the ratio of aggregate output to a single input or an aggregate input used in a production process.
Project initiation is the starting point of any project. In project initiating, the activities are performed to assess the size, scope and the complexity of the project and to establish the procedures to support later project activities.
Software Project is a temporary group activity, which is designed to produce a unique product, service or result. Such a project is a temporary one because it has a defined beginning and end of time with defined scope and resources.